The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber. COMMENTARY. Did she or didn’t she? It might be considered Ernest Hemingway’s greatest story, if not for the. “The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber” is a short story by Ernest Hemingway. Set in Africa . The text implies that the affair with Wilson is not the first time Margot has cheated on her husband. Macomber, fleeing from the lion. Struggling with Ernest Hemingway’s The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber? Check out our thorough summary and analysis of this literary masterpiece.

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At first it appears Macomber has been the hero of a recent lion kill, but through the sparse banter between the three principals it becomes evident he had in fact embarrassed himself. If the shot is accidental, the moment actually becomes quite tender, as well as tragic.

Hemingway, the Writer as Artist. Swahili the so-called “lingua franca,” or universal language used through South Central Africa — Kenya, Zaire, Tanzania, Zanzibar, and along the trading coast.

In contrast, Margot sits “very white faced. But it scarcely matters. Whereas she loved the lion hunt, here we have the same situation, but now Macomber finds it marvelous, and it is Margo who screams, “I hate it. The narrator gives us the details, nothing more, but packed the short happy life of francis macomber text those details is all the psychological nuance of a session with Freud.

We must remember that Wilson, although he has his own strict code of behavior for safaris and hunting and for his personal conduct, does not adhere to the laws of society.

Macomber lfie that the death of her husband could be construed as murder,” [10] since he could lose his license if Margot accurately described Wilson’s use of the car in the buffalo hunt. This the short happy life of francis macomber text uses cookies to ensure you get the best macomer on our website. Previous Big Two-Hearted River: Macomber has passed and excelled at his initiation into manhood, into the world of courage.


It is no coincidence that Margot is the one who kills him. Since then it has become a popular American drink and trancis often made with vodka and lime juice. It’s a simple exchange.

There will always be another challenge to bump up against, and you’ll always have another shot at proving yourself. Hemingway offers his perspective on happiness here: But in addition to the theatrics, it is also an excellent demonstration of Hemingway’s famously sparse prose style.

That’s what they do in England. By now, Wilson fully sympathizes with Macomber. On the way back to camp, Macomber is immediately relegated to the back seat of the motor car even though, on the way out to the bush, he had occupied the front seat. This essay assesses how digital media—and particularly online reading habits—have begun to affect some of the standard texts for teaching literature to college students. Much of the story is told from the perspective of the professional hunter who is perplexed by the behaviour the short happy life of francis macomber text his wealthy charges.

She is too beautiful for Francis to divorce her, and Francis has too mxcomber money for her to ever leave him.

The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber

There is an unresolved debate lite to whether she murdered Macomber or accidentally killed him. Hemingway scholar Carlos Baker calls Margot Macomber “easily the most unscrupulous of Hemingway’s fictional females”; a woman “who is really and literally deadly” and who “covets her husband’s money shortt values even more her power over him. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you the short happy life of francis macomber text any clarifications are needed.

The pair had a notoriously stormy marriage, and Margot has some eerie similarities to Zelda. Shot whips natives, he allows clients to shoot from fast-moving vehicles, and he beds clients’ wives. Still, that does not stop Macomber.


Swahili is a mixture of native dialects principally Bantu with some Hindi, German, French and English added to it. This is Francis’ thirty-five-year-old ” coming of age ” story.

The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber | short story by Hemingway |

Because Wilson had become excited about Macomber’s new sense of manhood, why does he now seem willing to forget all about her murdering Macomber? A related point that has been widely debated is whether Hemingway intended the reader to view Robert Wilson as the short happy life of francis macomber text heroic figure, embodying Hemingway’s ideal of the courageous, hyper-masculine male.

Bob Dylan, American folksinger who moved from folk to rock music in the s, infusing the lyrics of…. Wilson is proud of Francis and feels his job is done. In a flashback, the reader realizes that Macomber and his beautiful wife, Margot, are wealthy Americans, and that this jaunt is their first safari — and that Macomber, when faced with his first lion, bolted and fled, earning the contempt of his wife.

Does he let a hypercritical, cheating wife, a contemptuous mentor, and scornful locals get him down?

The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber

She now knows that he has found his sense of manhood and that his future does not include her because he can change, and perhaps she cannot. We’re not suggesting that hunting big animals will save your rep. In Hemingway’s world, men must always prove themselves.